In recent times, significant physical, social, psychological and economic burdens are causing infections to increase awareness of the government and the public of the importance of preventing them. This increased attention reflects the current tendency for every hospital employee to be held responsible for their own duties in controlling infection and is also a reflection of the desire for health-related infections to be considered as a possible medical mistake that could be avoided.

In the process of aligning its legislation with the European, Croatia has brought into force the Ordinance on Conditions and Methods for Measures to Prevent and Combat Hospital Infections (NN 85/12), and in March 2013, the National Program for the Control of Infections Related to Health Care. These are major steps for national health care, but much remains to be done to make this area a serious threat to public health.

Pharmamed has recognized this global burden and, in line with its mission, wants to have a positive impact by implementing products that reduce the possibility of hospital acquired infections (HAI) in its portfolio. We would like to highlight some of the hospital-acquired infections and products from our portfolio which can influence on their prevention.

VAP - ventilator acquired pneumonia

There are many clinical evidences of how important prevention is, and we can also point to a large number of sources. We will outline a table that systematically demonstrates ways of preventing VAP in patients who need to be intubated and which can serve as a guideline for VAP prevention.

One of the steps before intubation is to check the possibility for using non-invasive mechanical ventilation. Pharmamed has a whole product line dedicated to non-invasive ventilation in its portfolio, so it would be best to refer to our product catalogue where you can choose this specific group of products.

After the intubation itself several instructions are mentioned such as: the use of humidifiers, closed suction,, use of a chlorhexidine oral rinse solution.

One of our largest suppliers has a large number of products that can affect VAP prevention. Long-term cooperation is ensured by product quality and continuous development, which Pharmamed as a company primarily requires when selecting suppliers. To get a better picture of products that can be used in VAP prevention, please refer to our web catalogue. We suggest that you choose Intersurgical as a supplier and review the product list.

Izvor: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention,Steven M. Koenig and Jonathon D. TruwitClin Microbiol Rev. 2006 Oct; 19(4): 637–657., doi: 10.1128/CMR.00051-05

Central venous catheter related infections

These infections are still one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections, especially in intensive care units. Pharmamed also has a significant number of quality products in this area that can affect prevention.

One of the major prevention steps is a good preparation and disinfection of the skin before setting up a catheter. A great novelty in our portfolio is an applicator with povidone iodine that was developed according to our requirements following the listening to the needs of healthcare professionals. An essential fact when introducing the umbilical catheter is that iodine tincture cannot be used, but povidone iodine, which makes this applicator applicable to the smallest patients.

In the area of skin disinfection, we offer disinfectant wipes containing alcohol and 0.5% chlorhexidine. These wipes are extremely popular with our users for their size and practical packaging. The CDC guidelines require the use of single chamber invasive pressure gauges and the use of a sealed wash system. Pharmamed offers a wide choice for different needs in this segment as well. When using a catheter with needleless connector, it is recommended to use one with a split septum and avoid the use of catheter with needleless connector having a mechanical valve. In order to comply with such guidelines, our CVC supplier has replaced the needleless connector on its catheters, and they now contain a needleless connector without a mechanical valve.

Surgical site infections

Infections of the surgical site due to the frequency of hospital infections take the third place after urinary infections and pneumonia. It is estimated that about 2-5% of patients develop a surgical site infection after a non-abdominal surgery and 20% of patients after abdominal surgery.

One of the guidelines before surgery, during surgery and after surgery includes maintaining the patient's normothermia through a device that blows hot air into the surface under the patient, called a blanket. Pharmamed has recognized the importance of this kind of infection prevention and dedicated a part of its portfolio to normothermia and other devices for warming and cooling of the patient.

A great novelty in this part of the portfolio are the paediatric blankets used below the patient. For more information, be sure to review the patient's heating / cooling product group in our web catalogue.

In order to reduce the risk of infection during the disinfection of the surgical site, Pharmamed offers the above-mentioned applicator which eliminates the possibility of infection because there is no contact between the healthcare worker and the patient, but the skin is exclusively in contact with the sterile applicator.

Blood-bourne infections – needle stick injuries

According to the Ordinance on the manner of implementing protection measures to prevent the occurrence of injuries to sharp objects (NN 84/13 and 17/17), each employer is obliged to abolish the unnecessary use of harsh objects. Accordingly, it is recommended to use needleless connector instead of needles. Pharmamed has recognized the ways to protect healthcare professionals against infections and it is one of our objectives to continue raising awareness of the importance of using needleless connectors versus needles. Our offer of needleless connectors includes different flow rates to better tailor the patient's needs.


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